Seth Woolley's Man Viewer

Manual for switch - man n switch

([section] manual, -k keyword, -K [section] search, -f whatis)
man plain no title

switch(1,n)(n)                    Tcl Built-In Commands                   switch(1,n)(n)



NAME
       switch(1,n) - Evaluate one of several scripts, depending on a given value

SYNOPSIS
       switch(1,n) ?options? string(3,n) pattern body ?pattern body ...?

       switch(1,n) ?options? string(3,n) {pattern body ?pattern body ...?}


DESCRIPTION
       The switch(1,n) command matches its string(3,n) argument against each of the pat-
       tern arguments in(1,8) order.  As soon as it finds a  pattern  that  matches
       string(3,n)  it  evaluates  the following body argument by passing it recur-
       sively to the Tcl interpreter and returns the result  of  that  evalua-
       tion.   If  the  last  pattern argument is default then it matches any-
       thing.  If no pattern argument matches string(3,n) and no default is  given,
       then the switch(1,n) command returns an empty string.

       If  the  initial arguments to switch(1,n) start with - then they are treated
       as options.  The following options are currently supported:

       -exact    Use exact matching when comparing string(3,n) to a pattern.   This
                 is the default.

       -glob     When matching string(3,n) to the patterns, use glob-style matching
                 (i.e. the same as implemented by the string(3,n) match command).

       -regexp   When matching string(3,n) to the patterns, use regular  expression
                 matching (as described in(1,8) the re_syntax reference page).

       --        Marks  the  end  of options.  The argument following this one
                 will be treated as string(3,n) even if(3,n) it starts with a -.

       Two syntaxes are provided for the  pattern  and  body  arguments.   The
       first  uses  a separate argument for each of the patterns and commands;
       this form is convenient if(3,n) substitutions are desired  on  some  of  the
       patterns  or  commands.  The second form places all of the patterns and
       commands together into a single argument; the argument must have proper
       list  structure,  with  the elements of the list being the patterns and
       commands.  The second form makes it easy to construct multi-line switch(1,n)
       commands, since the braces around the whole list make it unnecessary to
       include a backslash at the end of each line.  Since the  pattern  argu-
       ments  are in(1,8) braces in(1,8) the second form, no command or variable substi-
       tutions are performed on them;  this makes the behavior of  the  second
       form different than the first form in(1,8) some cases.

       If  a  body  is  specified as ``-'' it means that the body for the next
       pattern should also be used as the body for this pattern (if(3,n)  the  next
       pattern  also has a body of ``-'' then the body after that is used, and
       so on).  This feature makes it possible to share a  single  body  among
       several patterns.

       Beware  of  how you place comments in(1,8) switch(1,n) commands.  Comments should
       only be placed inside the execution body of one of  the  patterns,  and
       not intermingled with the patterns.

       Below  are  some  examples of switch(1,n) commands: switch(1,n) abc a - b {format
       1} abc {format 2} default {format 3} will return 2, switch(1,n) -regexp aaab
       {      ^a.*b$ -      b {format 1}      a* {format 2}      default {for-
       mat 3} } will return 1, and  switch(1,n) xyz  {       a            -       b
                 {            #  Correct  Comment Placement           format 1
            }      a*           {format 2}      default           {format 3} }
       will return 3.


SEE ALSO
       for(n), if(3,n)(n), regexp(3,n)(n)


KEYWORDS
       switch(1,n), match, regular expression



Tcl                                   7.0                            switch(1,n)(n)

References for this manual (incoming links)