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curs_mouse(3x) - getmouse, mouse_trafo, mouseinterval, mousemask, ungetmouse, wenclose, wmouse_trafo - mouse interface through curses - man 3x curs_mouse

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curs_mouse(3X)                                                  curs_mouse(3X)

       getmouse,  ungetmouse,  mousemask, wenclose, mouse_trafo, wmouse_trafo,
       mouseinterval - mouse interface through curses

       #include <curses.h>

       typedef unsigned long mmask_t;

       typedef struct
           short id;         /* ID to distinguish multiple devices */
           int x, y, z;      /* event coordinates */
           mmask_t bstate;   /* button state bits */
       int getmouse(MEVENT *event);
       int ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);
       mmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);
       bool wenclose(const WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
       bool mouse_trafo(int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);
       bool wmouse_trafo(const WINDOW* win, int* pY, int* pX,
            bool to_screen);
       int mouseinterval(int erval);

       These functions provide an interface to mouse events from  ncurses(3X).
       Mouse  events  are  represented  by  KEY_MOUSE pseudo-key values in(1,8) the
       wgetch input stream.

       To make mouse events visible, use the mousemask  function.   This  will
       set(7,n,1 builtins)  the  mouse events to be reported.  By default, no mouse events are
       reported.  The function will return a mask to  indicate  which  of  the
       specified  mouse events can be reported; on complete failure it returns
       0.  If oldmask is non-NULL, this function fills the indicated  location
       with the previous value of the given window's mouse event mask.

       As  a  side  effect,  setting  a  zero mousemask may turn off the mouse
       pointer; setting a nonzero mask may turn it on.  Whether  this  happens
       is device-dependent.

       Here are the mouse event type masks:

       Name                     Description
       BUTTON1_PRESSED          mouse button 1 down
       BUTTON1_RELEASED         mouse button 1 up
       BUTTON1_CLICKED          mouse button 1 clicked
       BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 double clicked
       BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 triple clicked
       BUTTON2_PRESSED          mouse button 2 down
       BUTTON2_RELEASED         mouse button 2 up
       BUTTON2_CLICKED          mouse button 2 clicked
       BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 double clicked
       BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 triple clicked
       BUTTON3_PRESSED          mouse button 3 down
       BUTTON3_RELEASED         mouse button 3 up
       BUTTON3_CLICKED          mouse button 3 clicked
       BUTTON3_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 double clicked
       BUTTON3_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 triple clicked

       BUTTON4_PRESSED          mouse button 4 down
       BUTTON4_RELEASED         mouse button 4 up
       BUTTON4_CLICKED          mouse button 4 clicked
       BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 double clicked
       BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 triple clicked
       BUTTON_SHIFT             shift was down during button state change
       BUTTON_CTRL              control was down during button state change
       BUTTON_ALT               alt was down during button state change
       ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS         report all button state changes
       REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION    report mouse movement

       Once  a class of mouse events have been made visible in(1,8) a window, call-
       ing the wgetch function on that window may return KEY_MOUSE as an indi-
       cator  that  a mouse event has been queued.  To read(2,n,1 builtins) the event data and
       pop the event off the queue(1,3), call getmouse.  This function will  return
       OK if(3,n) a mouse event is actually visible in(1,8) the given window, ERR other-
       wise.  When getmouse returns OK, the data deposited as y and x  in(1,8)  the
       event  structure  coordinates  will  be  screen-relative character-cell
       coordinates.  The returned state mask will have exactly one bit set(7,n,1 builtins)  to
       indicate the event type.

       The  ungetmouse  function  behaves analogously to ungetch.  It pushes a
       KEY_MOUSE event onto the input queue(1,3), and associates  with  that  event
       the given state data and screen-relative character-cell coordinates.

       The  wenclose  function  tests  whether a given pair of screen-relative
       character-cell coordinates is enclosed by  a  given  window,  returning
       TRUE  if(3,n)  it is and FALSE otherwise.  It is useful for determining what
       subset of the screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.

       The wmouse_trafo function transforms a given pair of  coordinates  from
       stdscr-relative  coordinates  to  screen-relative  coordinates  or vice
       versa.  Please  remember,  that  stdscr-relative  coordinates  are  not
       always identical to screen-relative coordinates due to the mechanism to
       reserve lines on top  or  bottom  of  the  screen  for  other  purposes
       (ripoff()  call,  see  also  slk_...   functions).   If  the  parameter
       to_screen is TRUE, the pointers pY, pX must reference  the  coordinates
       of a location inside the window win.  They are converted to screen-rel-
       ative coordinates and returned through the pointers.  If the conversion
       was  successful,  the  function returns TRUE.  If one of the parameters
       was NULL or the location is not inside the window, FALSE  is  returned.
       If  to_screen is FALSE, the pointers pY, pX must reference screen-rela-
       tive coordinates.  They are converted to stdscr-relative coordinates if(3,n)
       the  window win encloses this point.  In this case the function returns
       TRUE.  If one of the parameters is NULL or the point is not inside  the
       window,  FALSE is returned.  Please notice, that the referenced coordi-
       nates are only replaced by the converted coordinates if(3,n) the transforma-
       tion was successful.

       The  mouseinterval  function  sets  the maximum time(1,2,n) (in(1,8) thousands of a
       second) that can elapse between press and release events for them to be
       recognized  as a click.  Use mouseinterval(-1) to disable click resolu-
       tion.  This function returns the previous interval value.  The  default
       is one sixth of a second.

       Note  that  mouse  events will be ignored when input is in(1,8) cooked mode,
       and will cause an error(8,n) beep(1,3x,3x curs_beep) when cooked mode is being simulated  in(1,8)  a
       window  by a function such as getstr that expects a linefeed for input-
       loop termination.

       getmouse, ungetmouse and mouseinterval  return  the  integer  ERR  upon
       failure  or  OK upon successful completion.  mousemask returns the mask
       of reportable events.  wenclose and wmouse_trafo are boolean  functions
       returning TRUE or FALSE depending on their test result.

       These  calls  were  designed for ncurses(3X), and are not found in(1,8) SVr4
       curses, 4.4BSD curses, or any other previous version(1,3,5) of curses.

       The feature macro NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION is provided so the preprocessor
       can  be  used  to test whether these features are present (its value is
       1).  If the interface is changed, the  value  of  NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION
       will be incremented.

       The  order  of  the  MEVENT structure members is not guaranteed.  Addi-
       tional fields may be added to the structure in(1,8) the future.

       Under ncurses(3X), these calls are  implemented  using  either  xterm's
       built-in mouse-tracking API or platform-specific drivers including
              Alessandro Rubini's gpm server.
              FreeBSD sysmouse
              OS/2 EMX
       If you are using an unsupported configuration, mouse events will not be
       visible to ncurses(3X) (and the wmousemask function will always  return

       If  the  terminfo entry contains a XM string(3,n), this is used in(1,8) the xterm
       mouse driver to control the way the terminal is initialized  for  mouse
       operation.   The  default,  if(3,n)  XM is not found, corresponds to private
       mode 1000 of xterm:
       The z member in(1,8) the event structure  is  not  presently  used.   It  is
       intended  for  use with touch screens (which may be pressure-sensitive)
       or with 3D-mice/trackballs/power gloves.

       Mouse events under xterm will not in(1,8)  fact  be  ignored  during  cooked
       mode,  if(3,n)  they  have  been  enabled by wmousemask.  Instead, the xterm
       mouse report sequence will appear in(1,8) the string(3,n) read.

       Mouse events under xterm will not be detected  correctly  in(1,8)  a  window
       with  its  keypad  bit  off, since they are interpreted as a variety of
       function key.  Your terminfo description must have kmous set(7,n,1 builtins) to  "\E[M"
       (the beginning of the response from xterm for mouse clicks).

       Because  there  are  no standard terminal responses that would serve to
       identify terminals which support  the  xterm  mouse  protocol,  ncurses
       assumes  that  if(3,n)  your $TERM environment variable contains "xterm", or
       kmous is defined in(1,8) the terminal description,  then  the  terminal  may
       send(2,n) mouse events.



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